Development of a Tool to Assess Past Food Insecurity of Immigrant Latino Mothers{A figure is presented}

Edith M. Kuyper, Gloria Espinosa-Hall, Catherine L. Lamp, Anna C. Martin, Diane L. Metz, Dorothy Smith, Marilyn S. Townsend, Lucia L. Kaiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective: The purpose is to describe the development and validation of a tool to measure the degree of past food insecurity in an immigrant US population. Design: Focus group discussions and a structured interview. As a first step, focus group discussions were conducted among immigrant Latino mothers. Based on these discussions, an 8-item tool was developed and pilot-tested in a convenience sample of mothers. Setting: California. Participants: Twenty-two low-income Latino mothers with children, ages 4 to 5 years, in the focus groups and 85 low-income Latino and white mothers of young children in the structured interviews. Analyses: Constant comparative analysis, Cronbach α, Spearman correlations, Chi-square, and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Internal consistency of the remaining 7 items was good (Cronbach α = 0.84). Evidence of convergent validity included significant correlations between past food insecurity and maternal education (r = -0.45, p<.0001), crowding in the mother's childhood household (r = +0.30, p<.006), and past food insufficiency (r = +0.74, p<.0001). Foreign-born Latino mothers reported significantly greater levels of past food insecurity than US-born mothers, demonstrating discriminant validity (p<.01). Conclusions and Implications: This tool may be useful to determine how past deprivation influences current food choices and other nutrition-related behaviors in low-income Latino immigrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-382
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2006


  • food insecurity
  • Latino
  • life course perspective

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Food Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of a Tool to Assess Past Food Insecurity of Immigrant Latino Mothers{A figure is presented}'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this