Development of a novel ion-pairing UPLC method with cation-exchange solid-phase extraction for determination of free timolol in human plasma

Anthony Gallegos, Thomas Peavy, Roy Dixon, Roslyn Rivkah Isseroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel UPLC-UV method was developed for analysis of timolol in human plasma using a simple, fast, and cost effective ion-exchange SPE procedure, followed by separation on a C18 UPLC column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile, phosphate buffer, and sodium 1-octane sulfonate as an ion pairing agent. The method was fully validated according to US-FDA guidelines, and was found to be sufficiently accurate and precise for analysis of timolol in human plasma for clinical pharmacokinetic studies. The application of ion-exchange SPE cartridges for purification of timolol in plasma produced excellent percent recoveries and good sample clean-up, while the ion-pairing separation described here allowed quantitation of timolol without interference from endogenous sample components. The method lower limit of detection was 1.7 ng/mL and the lower limit of quantitation was 5.0 ng/mL, allowing for analysis of therapeutic concentrations of timolol in plasma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-235
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume1096
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Ion-exchange
  • Ion-pairing chromatography
  • Liquid chromatography
  • Plasma
  • Solid-phase extraction
  • Timolol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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