Development and validation of an inconsistent responding scale for an abbreviated version of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory - Revised

Shannon E. Kelley, John F. Edens, M. Brent Donnellan, Jared R. Ruchensky, Edward A. Witt, Barbara E McDermott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

An abbreviated version of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory - Revised (PPI-R; Lilienfeld & Widows, 2005) was recently developed to facilitate assessment in settings with time constraints (PPI-R-40; Eisenbarth, Lilienfeld, & Yarkoni, 2015). However, the shortened measure precludes use of the Inconsistent Responding (IR) scales embedded in the full PPI-R. In the present study, we develop a new inconsistent responding scale for the PPI-R-40 and provide initial evidence of its reliability and validity in a sample of undergraduate students (N = 974) and a sample of forensic psychiatric inpatients (N = 200) that previously completed the PPI-R. Across both samples our newly constructed scale, the Inconsistent Responding-Short-10 (IRS-10), correlated moderately with existing IR scales of the PPI-R (rs = .35-48) and was associated with several external indicators of inattentiveness, including trait conscientiousness among undergraduates and symptoms of psychosis among forensic inpatients. ROC curve analyses demonstrated that IRS-10 scores strongly discriminated between respondent and randomly-generated protocols and tentative cut scores for profile invalidity are proposed based on rates of sensitivity and specificity. Overall, our findings suggest that the IRS-10 is capable of detecting inconsistent or careless completion of the PPI-R-40 and may improve the integrity of future research and clinical practice with this instrument.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Data screening
  • Inconsistent responding
  • Psychopathic Personality Inventory - Revised
  • Psychopathy
  • Short form
  • Validity scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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