Determining the infection status of a herd

Timothy E. Hanson, Wesley O. Johnson, Ian Gardner, Marios P. Georgiadis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article presents hierarchical models for determining infection status and prevalence of infection within a herd given a hypergeometric or binomial sample of animals that have been screened with an imperfect test. Expert prior information on the infection status of the herd, diagnostic test accuracy, and herd prevalence is incorporated into the model. Posterior probabilities versus prior probabilities of infection are presented in the novel form of a curve, summarizing the probability of infection over a range of possible prior probability values. We demonstrate the model with serologic data for Mycobacterium paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) in dairy herds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-485
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

Keywords

  • Bayesian approach
  • Gibbs sampling
  • Prevalence
  • Screening test
  • Sensitivity
  • Specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics

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