Determining source strength of semivolatile organic compounds using measured concentrations in indoor dust

H. M. Shin, T. E. Mckone, M. G. Nishioka, M. D. Fallin, L. A. Croen, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, C. J. Newschaffer, Deborah H Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Consumer products and building materials emit a number of semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in the indoor environment. Because indoor SVOCs accumulate in dust, we explore the use of dust to determine source strength and report here on analysis of dust samples collected in 30 US homes for six phthalates, four personal care product ingredients, and five flame retardants. We then use a fugacity-based indoor mass balance model to estimate the whole-house emission rates of SVOCs that would account for the measured dust concentrations. Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and di-iso-nonyl phthalate (DiNP) were the most abundant compounds in these dust samples. On the other hand, the estimated emission rate of diethyl phthalate is the largest among phthalates, although its dust concentration is over two orders of magnitude smaller than DEHP and DiNP. The magnitude of the estimated emission rate that corresponds to the measured dust concentration is found to be inversely correlated with the vapor pressure of the compound, indicating that dust concentrations alone cannot be used to determine which compounds have the greatest emission rates. The combined dust-assay modeling approach shows promise for estimating indoor emission rates for SVOCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-271
Number of pages12
JournalIndoor Air
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Dust
Organic compounds
Flame Retardants
Vapor Pressure
Consumer products
Flame retardants
Vapor pressure
phthalic acid
Assays

Keywords

  • Dust
  • Emission rates
  • Flame retardants
  • Modeling
  • Personal care products
  • Phthalates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Determining source strength of semivolatile organic compounds using measured concentrations in indoor dust. / Shin, H. M.; Mckone, T. E.; Nishioka, M. G.; Fallin, M. D.; Croen, L. A.; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Newschaffer, C. J.; Bennett, Deborah H.

In: Indoor Air, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2014, p. 260-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shin, H. M. ; Mckone, T. E. ; Nishioka, M. G. ; Fallin, M. D. ; Croen, L. A. ; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva ; Newschaffer, C. J. ; Bennett, Deborah H. / Determining source strength of semivolatile organic compounds using measured concentrations in indoor dust. In: Indoor Air. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 260-271.
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