Determinants of Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Performance-Based Components of Frailty in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

Ryota Matsuzawa, Yuta Suzuki, Shohei Yamamoto, Manae Harada, Takaaki Watanabe, Takahiro Shimoda, Atsushi Yoshida, Cynthia Delgado, Akira Tamaki, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Baback Roshanravan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures capture the patient's experience of the burden of chronic disease and are strongly associated with adverse health-related outcomes across multiple populations. The SF-36 score is the most widely used HRQoL measure among patients with end-stage renal disease. Current understanding of determinants of the physical component summary (PCS) and the mental component summary (MCS) and their association with objectively measured physical performance and activity is limited. Methods: As an index of HRQoL, we prospectively examined the association of SF-36 and its component scores with physical function among 155 incident dialysis patients from the Hemodialysis Center. We investigated associations of HRQoL with the physical performance-based components of the frailty using multivariate linear and logistic regression after adjustment for confounders. Impaired physical performance was defined as having either slow usual gait speed or weak handgrip strength based on standardized and validated criteria derived from a large cohort study of older adults. Results: The patients had a mean age of 65 ± 11 years, and 52.3% were male. After adjusting confounders, lower PCS was independently associated with decreased physical performance and reduced physical activity, but MCS was not associated. Among the PCS subscales, only physical functioning 10 (PF-10) was consistently associated with outcomes, and every 1 point increase in PF-10 score was associated with 4% lower odds of impaired physical performance (95% confidence interval 2-7, P =.01) after adjustment. Conclusions: SF-36, especially PF-10, is a valid surrogate that discriminates low physical performance and physical inactivity in the absence of formal physical function testing in patients on hemodialysis. The routine implementation of the PF-10 in clinical care has important clinical implications for medical management and therapeutic decision-making in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Nephrology

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