Determinants of health care services utilization among first generation Afghan migrants in Istanbul

Qais Alemi, Carl Stempel, Patrick Koga, Valerie Smith, Didem Danis, Kelly Baek, Susanne Montgomery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. One hundred and fifty-five Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization including encounters with primary care physicians and outpatient specialists in addition to the use of prescription and nonprescription medicines. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to examine associations between service use and a range of predisposing, enabling, and perceived need factors. Health services utilization was lowest for outpatient specialists (20%) and highest for nonprescription medications (37%). Female gender and higher income predicted encounters with primary care physicians. Income, and other enabling factors such as family presence in Turkey predicted encounters with outpatient specialists. Perceived illness-related need factors had little to no influence on use of services; however, asylum difficulties increased the likelihood for encounters with primary care physicians, outpatient services, and the use of prescription medications. This study suggests that health services use among Afghan migrants in Turkey is low considering the extent of their perceived illness-related needs, which may be further exacerbated by the precarious conditions in which they live.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number201
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 17 2017


  • Afghan
  • Andersen model
  • Health services
  • Medications
  • Migrant
  • Turkey
  • Utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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