Detection of simian immunodeficiency virus and human immunodeficiency virus type 2 capsid antigens by a monoclonal antibody-based antigen capture assay

Michael Dale Lairmore, D. E. Hofheinz, N. L. Letvin, C. S. Stoner, S. Pearlman, G. P. Toedter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have tested the ability of a monoclonal antibody-based simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) p27 capsid antigen assay to detect SIV antigen in supernatants from a variety of infected cell cultures. The antigen capture assay has a sensitivity of approximately 30 pg of SIV p27 capsid antigen/ml. The assay detected SIV p27 capsid antigen in cell culture supernatants from all six strains tested, detected the replication of SIV following the inoculation of the virus in peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures earlier compared to reverse transcriptase assay, and was more sensitive in detection of the SIV antigen compared to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) antigen capture assays. The SIV antigen capture assay was used to detect SIV antigen from serum samples and tissue cultures from eight of eight SIV(B670)-infected rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Similar samples from four control rhesus macaques were negative when tested by the assay. The SIV antigen was detected in virus-infected monkeys during early time periods following inoculation (1 to 3 weeks) or during episodes of CD4+ lymphocytopenia and clinically evident disease. In addition, the SIV antigen capture assay positively identified each of three different HIV-2 strains in cell culture supernatants. The SIV antigen capture assay provides a sensitive and specific method to monitor SIV and HIV-2 capsid antigen in cell cultures and from infected animals. The assay will be an important tool in the utilization of SIV and HIV-2 primate models for HIV-induced acquired immunodeficiency disease syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-571
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume9
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

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