Detection of Aspergillus-specific antibodies by agar gel double immunodiffusion and IgG ELISA in feline upper respiratory tract aspergillosis

V. R. Barrs, B. Ujvari, N. K. Dhand, I. R. Peters, J. Talbot, Lynelle R Johnson, F. Billen, P. Martin, J. A. Beatty, K. Belov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Feline upper respiratory tract aspergillosis (URTA) is an emerging infectious disease. The aims of this study were: (1) to assess the diagnostic value of detection of Aspergillus-specific antibodies using an agar gel double immunodiffusion (AGID) assay and an indirect immunoglobulin G (IgG) ELISA; and (2) to determine if an aspergillin derived from mycelia of Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus can be used to detect serum antibodies against cryptic Aspergillus spp. in Aspergillus section Fumigati. Sera from cats with URTA (group 1: n = 21) and two control groups (group 2: cats with other upper respiratory tract diseases, n = 25; group 3: healthy cats and cats with non-respiratory, non-fungal illness, (n = 84) were tested. Isolates from cats with URTA comprised A. fumigatus (n = 5), A. flavus (n = 1) and four cryptic species: Aspergillus felis (n = 12), Aspergillus thermomutatus (Neosartorya pseudofischeri, n = 1), Aspergillus lentulus (n = 1) and Aspergillus udagawae (n = 1).Brachycephalic purebred cats were significantly more likely to develop URTA than other breeds (P = 0.013). The sensitivity (Se) of the AGID was 43% and the specificity (Sp) was 100%. At a cut-off value of 6 ELISA units/mL, the Se of the IgG ELISA was 95.2% and the Sp was 92% and 92.9% for groups 2 and 3 cats, respectively. Aspergillus-specific antibodies against all four cryptic species were detected in one or both assays. Assay Se was not associated with species identity. Detection of Aspergillus-specific antibodies by IgG ELISA has high Se and Sp for diagnosis of feline URTA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-289
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume203
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aspergillosis
  • Aspergillus spp
  • Feline
  • Sino-nasal
  • Sino-orbital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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    Barrs, V. R., Ujvari, B., Dhand, N. K., Peters, I. R., Talbot, J., Johnson, L. R., Billen, F., Martin, P., Beatty, J. A., & Belov, K. (2015). Detection of Aspergillus-specific antibodies by agar gel double immunodiffusion and IgG ELISA in feline upper respiratory tract aspergillosis. Veterinary Journal, 203(3), 285-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.12.020