Detection of antibodies of rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants viruses (Paramyxoviridae, Morbillivirus) during a new epizootic disease in Ethiopian camels(Camelus dromedarius)

F. Roger, M. Guebre Yesus, G. Libeau, A. Diallo, L. M. Yigezu, Tilahun Yilma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

A serological survey was designed to determine the antibody prevalence of rinderpest virus (RPV) and peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) in Ethiopian camels. That study was undertaken after the occurrence in 1995 of an apparently new highly contagious disease characterized by a rinderpest-like disease syndrome in the camel population. 90 dromedaries were distributed in groups based on three epidemiologically-defined regions. The first group was from a non-affected area, the second from sick and contact animals and the third from convalescent animals. The sera were analyzed for antibody to RPV and PPRV by competitive ELISA tests. Results showed a global seroprevalence of 7.8 % for PPRV antibodies and 21.3 % for RPV antibodies. None of the sera from the non-affected area was positive and the second and third groups had various positive rates. In accordance with several authors, the receptivity of the camel to these viruses appears to be a reality. However, its susceptibility to RPV and PPRV had never been confirmed, as well as its role as a potential reservoir of these viruses which cause two major diseases of ruminants. The hypotheses about the occurrence of an emerging infection in camels, caused by pathogens usually found in cattle, sheep and goats, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-268
Number of pages4
JournalRevue de Medecine Veterinaire
Volume152
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2001

Keywords

  • Dromedary
  • Ethiopia
  • Peste des petits ruminants
  • Rinderpest
  • Serology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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