Design of a single-tube, endpoint, linear-after-the-exponential-PCR assay for 17 pathogens associated with sepsis

L. M. Rice, A. H. Reis, B. Ronish, R. K. Carver-Brown, J. W. Czajka, N. Gentile, Gerald J Kost, L. J. Wangh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: The goal of this study was to construct a single-tube multiplex molecular diagnostic assay using linear-after-the-exponential (LATE)-PCR for the detection of 17 microbial pathogens commonly associated with septicaemia. Methods and Results: The assay described here detects 17 pathogens associated with sepsis via amplification and analysis of gene-specific sequences. The pathogens and their targeted genes were: Klebsiella spp. (phoE); Acinetobacter baumannii (gyrB); Staphylococcus aureus (spa); Enterobacter spp. (thdF); Pseudomonas aeruginosa (toxA); coagulase-negative staphylococci (tuf), Enterococcus spp. (tuf); Candida spp. (P450). A sequence from an unidentified gene in Lactococcus lactis, served as a positive control for assay function. LATE-PCR was used to generate single-stranded amplicons that were analysed at endpoint over a wide range of temperatures in four fluorescent colours. Each target was detected by its pattern of hybridization to a sequence-specific low-temperature fluorescent probe derived from molecular beacons. Conclusions: All 17 microbial targets were detected in samples containing low numbers of pathogen genomes in the presence of high levels of human genomic DNA. Significance and Impact of the Study: This assay used new technology to achieve an advance in the field of molecular diagnostics: a single-tube assay for detection of pathogens commonly responsible for septicaemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-469
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

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Keywords

  • Endpoint
  • Fluorescent contours
  • Fluorescent signatures
  • Linear-after-the-exponential-PCR
  • Septicaemia
  • Sequence-specific low temperature probes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

Rice, L. M., Reis, A. H., Ronish, B., Carver-Brown, R. K., Czajka, J. W., Gentile, N., Kost, G. J., & Wangh, L. J. (2013). Design of a single-tube, endpoint, linear-after-the-exponential-PCR assay for 17 pathogens associated with sepsis. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 114(2), 457-469. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.12061