A recently described emergent disease of ornamental fish has been associated with an Erysipelothrix species positive for the surface protective antigen (spa) C gene. Whole genome sequencing was performed on five spaC Erysipelothrix isolates from diseased ornamental fish. In addition, these spaC Erysipelothrix isolates were compared to spaA-, spaB-and other spaC-positive Erysipelothrix species isolated from terrestrial and marine mammals, birds and fish using multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA). The genomes of fish pathogenic spaC isolates were genetically distinct from Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, sharing 86.61–86.94% average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) values of 31.6–32.2%, but 99.01–99.11% ANI and 90.8–91.9% dDDH values with the uncharacterized spaC-positive Erysipelothrix sp. strain 2 isolated from swine. The findings indicate the spaC-positive fish and swine isolates are conspecific and represent a previously unrecognized taxon. While phylogenies inferred from MLSA sequences confirm this conclusion, slight genetic differences between the spaC fish isolates and swine strain 2 were indicated. Bath immersion challenge trials were conducted using tiger barbs (Puntigrus tetrazona) exposed by immersion to 107 c.f.u. ml−1 of three fish pathogenic spaC Erysipelothrix species, and three spaA and two spaB E. rhusiopathiae isolates as a model of infection. Thirty days post-challenge, cumulative mean percentage survival was 37% for the spaA, 100% for the spaB and 13% for the spaC isolates, revealing differences in virulence among the various spa genotypes in fish. Genetic findings and observed differences in virulence demonstrate the fish pathogenic spaC isolates represent a novel species, for which the name Erysipelothrix piscisicarius sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E. piscisicarius 15TAL0474T (=NRRL B-65533T=ATCC-TSD-175T=DSM 110099T).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics