Incisor malocclusion as an isolated entity is uncommon in rodents but may occur following incisor trauma. Incisor malocclusion usually occurs concomitantly with premolar-molar malocclusion, which is especially common in chinchillas and guinea pigs. All dental patients should receive a comprehensive oral examination. Incisor-premolar-molar malocclusion with periodontal and endodontic disease is a disease complex of unknown origin that may include incisor malocclusion, distortion of the premolar-molar occlusal plane, sharp points or spikes, periodontal disease, periapical changes, apical elongation, oral soft tissue lesions, and maxillofadal abscess formation.The therapeutic options for this disease complex include continual occlusal adjustment of involved teeth, dietary modification, extraction of severely affected teeth, and abscess debridement. Because rodents with dental disease often have concurrent disease processes, a thorough systemic evaluation is usually indicated before initiating dental treatment, Balanced anesthetic technique with careful monitoring, attention to supportive care, and client education are important aspects of successfully treating rodents with dental disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian|
|State||Published - Jan 2006|
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