Incisor malocclusion is common in rabbits. If this condition occurs as an isolated entity at an early age, it probably has a genetic origin. Incisor malocclusion in older animals is usually secondary to, or occurs concomitantly with, premolar-molar malocclusion. Therefore, patients with incisor malocclusion should always receive a comprehensive oral examination. Incisor-premolar-molar malocclusion with periodontal and endodontic disease is a disease complex that may include incisor malocclusion, distortion of the premolar-molar occlusal plane, sharp points or spikes, periodontal disease, periapical changes, apical elongation, oral soft tissue lesions, and maxillofacial abscess formation. It is unclear whether this syndrome has a genetic, dietary, or metabolic origin.Therapeutic options for incisor-premolar-molar malocclusion with periodontal and endodontic disease may include occlusal adjustment of involved teeth, extraction of teeth severely affected by endodontic and/or periodontal disease, and abscess debridement. Because rabbits with dental disease often have concurrent disease processes, a thorough systemic evaluation is usually indicated before initiating dental treatment. Balanced anesthetic technique with careful monitoring, attention to supportive care, and client education are important in successfully treating rabbits with dental disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian|
|State||Published - Sep 2005|
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