Demographic and migration-related risk factors for low-level smoking in a farm working sample of Latinos (the MICASA study)

Erik J. Rodriquez, Maria T. Stoecklin-Marois, Tamara E. Hennessy-Burt, Daniel J Tancredi, Marc B Schenker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is the most preventable cause of death in the U.S. Research regarding the phenomenon of low-level smoking, defined as smoking one to five cigarettes per day (CPD) on average, is increasing as its high prevalence is better recognized. The Mexican Immigration to California: Agricultural Safety and Acculturation (MICASA) study is a prospective cohort study of Latino hired farm worker families that assesses respiratory health, including patterns and behaviors of cigarette smoking. The purpose of the present analysis was to establish demographic, migration-related, and psychosocial characteristics and risk factors for low-level smoking. Seven percent of participants were current smokers, 61% of them being low-level smokers. Low-level smokers did not smoke as many days during the past month as those who smoke 6+ CPD (p=0.04). Low-level smokers were more likely than never and former smokers combined not to be married and to experience frequent mental distress. Those who smoke 6+ CPD were also more likely than never and former smokers combined to experience frequent mental distress and to be more acculturated. Low-level smokers have characteristics and risk factors that set them apart from other types of smokers. This increased understanding of low-level smokers can enhance public health education and smoking cessation programs targeted at Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalField Actions Science Report
Volume10
Issue numberSPEC. ISSUE
StatePublished - Apr 28 2014

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Agriculture
  • Epidemiology
  • Hispanics/Latinos
  • Psychosocial
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Education
  • Geography, Planning and Development

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