Degree of crosslinking and mechanical properties of crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) beads for use in solid-phase organic synthesis

M. A. Gauthier, J. Luo, D. Calvet, C. Ni, X. X. Zhu, M. Garon, M. D. Buschmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The limited swellability in polar media of the commonly used polystyrene/divinylbenzene (PS-DVB) support materials for solid-phase organic synthesis has led to the development of novel, highly swellable hydrophilic gels designed for use in aqueous or polar media. Poly(vinyl alcohol) beads crosslinked with epichlorohydrin (PVA-EP) were prepared by a two-step inverse-suspension polymerization method. While it is known that the morphology of the resulting beads can be controlled by the ratio of EP versus PVA as well as by the pre-crosslinking time, the actual degree of crosslinking of the beads and their mechanical properties remain unknown. It is therefore the purpose of this study to evaluate the actual degree of crosslinking of beads prepared with different quantities of crosslinker in the feed by spectroscopic (Raman, nuclear magnetic resonance) and chemical (functional group loading) methods. The mechanical properties of these swollen PVA-EP beads will be evaluated by single-bead unconfined compression in solvents such as water, N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), and tetrahydrofuran (THF) and compared to model PS-DVB beads commonly used for solid phase synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8201-8210
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer
Volume45
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mechanical properties
  • Poly(vinyl alcohol)
  • Solid phase organic synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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