Defining RASopathy

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3 Scopus citations


The term RASopathy was originally created to describe a phenotypically similar group of medical genetic syndromes caused by germline pathogenic variants in components of the RAS/ mitogen-activated protein kinase (RAS/MAPK) pathway. In defining a RASopathy syndrome, one needs to consider the complex nature of the RAS/MAPK pathway, the numerous genes and regulatory components involved, its crosstalk with other signaling pathways and the phenotypic spectrum among these syndromes. Three main guiding principles to the definition should be considered. First, a RASopathy is a clinical syndrome with overlapping phenotypic features caused by germline pathogenic variants associated with the RAS/MAPK pathway. Second, a RASopathy is caused by multiple pathogenetic mechanisms, all of which lead to a similar outcome of RAS/MAPK pathway activation/dysregulation. Finally, because a RASopathy has dysfunctional germline RAS/MAPK pathway activation/dysregulation, it may, therefore, be amenable to treatment with pathway modulators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdmm049344
JournalDMM Disease Models and Mechanisms
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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