Defining and developing curricula in the context of cooperative extension

Martin Smith, Steven M. Worker, Cheryl L. Meehan, Lynn Quitty Schmitt-Mc, Andrea Ambrose, Kelley Brian, Emily Schoenfelder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Effective curricula are considered to be the cornerstone of successful programming in Extension. However, there is no universal operationalized definition of the term curriculum as it applies to Extension. Additionally, the development of curricula requires a systematic process that takes into account numerous factors. We provide an operational definition of curriculum by describing the parts of a curriculum, discussing the organization of those elements, and recommending theoretical frameworks that complement the learn-by-doing approach used in Extension. We also describe strategies to guide curriculum development, adaptation, and evaluation that will help advance the potential of Extension curricula to achieve their intended outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2FEA4
JournalJournal of Extension
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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