Deep learning and multi-contrast based denoising for low-SNR Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) MRI

Enhao Gong, Jia Guo, Jiang Liu, Audrey Fan, John Pauly, Greg Zaharchuk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) is a popular non-invasive neuroimaging technique to use MRI for quantitatively Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF) mapping. However, ASL usually suffers from poor signal quality and repeated measurements are typically acquired to improve signal quality through averaging at the cost of long scan time. In this work, a deep learning algorithm is proposed to leverage both convolutional neural network (CNN) based image enhancement as well as combining complementary/mutual information from multiple tissue contrasts in ASL acquisition. Both quantitative and qualitative evaluation demonstrate the performance and stability of the proposed algorithm and its superiority over conventional denoising algorithms and standard deep learning based denoising. The results demonstrate the feasibility of efficient and high-quality ASL measurements from average-free fast acquisition which will enable broader clinical application of ASL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2020
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
EditorsIvana Isgum, Bennett A. Landman
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510633933
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventMedical Imaging 2020: Image Processing - Houston, United States
Duration: Feb 17 2020Feb 20 2020

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume11313
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2020: Image Processing
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period2/17/202/20/20

Keywords

  • Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL)
  • Deep Learning (DL)
  • Denoising
  • Image Enhancement
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Multi-contrast
  • Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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