Decreasing ventilator-associated pneumonia in a trauma ICU

Christine S Cocanour, Michelle Peninger, Bradley D. Domonoske, Tao Li, Bobbie Wright, Alicia Valdivia, Katharine M. Luther

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia ranges from 10 to 25%, with mortality of 10 to 40%. It prolongs hospital stay and drives up hospital costs. Our Intensive Care Unit (ICU) ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates were hovering at the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) 90th percentile (22.3-32.7 infections per 1,000 ventilator days from January 2002 through October 2002) necessitating a performance improvement initiative designed to decrease the incidence of VAP. METHODS: A ventilator bundle that incorporates the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Guidelines for Prevention of Nosocomial Pneumonia was instituted in June of 2002. In October 2002, an intervention that audited compliance with the ventilator bundle and provided real-time feedback to ICU staff was started. VAP rates were followed using NNIS criteria. Costs were evaluated using hospital TSI data. RESULTS: VAP did not decrease with institution of the ventilator bundle alone. However, VAP did significantly decrease when the compliance with the ventilator bundle was audited daily and weekly feedback was provided to the caregivers. From November 2002 through June 2003 VAP stayed between 0 and 12.8 per 1,000 ventilator days. The average cost of a VAP was $50,000. CONCLUSIONS: Prevention of VAP requires a concerted effort on the part of hospital administration, physicians, and ICU personnel. The program must be evidence-based, maintained, and accepted by ICU personnel. Continued education and feedback are crucial to maintaining a low VAP rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
Intensive Care Units
Mechanical Ventilators
Wounds and Injuries
Cross Infection
Hospital Administration
Costs and Cost Analysis
Hospital Costs
Incidence
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Caregivers
Length of Stay
Pneumonia
Guidelines
Physicians
Education

Keywords

  • Ventilator bundle
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Decreasing ventilator-associated pneumonia in a trauma ICU. / Cocanour, Christine S; Peninger, Michelle; Domonoske, Bradley D.; Li, Tao; Wright, Bobbie; Valdivia, Alicia; Luther, Katharine M.

In: Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, Vol. 61, No. 1, 07.2006, p. 122-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cocanour, Christine S ; Peninger, Michelle ; Domonoske, Bradley D. ; Li, Tao ; Wright, Bobbie ; Valdivia, Alicia ; Luther, Katharine M. / Decreasing ventilator-associated pneumonia in a trauma ICU. In: Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care. 2006 ; Vol. 61, No. 1. pp. 122-129.
@article{7c7a47c30e2a4ec6964801e862b889af,
title = "Decreasing ventilator-associated pneumonia in a trauma ICU",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia ranges from 10 to 25{\%}, with mortality of 10 to 40{\%}. It prolongs hospital stay and drives up hospital costs. Our Intensive Care Unit (ICU) ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates were hovering at the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) 90th percentile (22.3-32.7 infections per 1,000 ventilator days from January 2002 through October 2002) necessitating a performance improvement initiative designed to decrease the incidence of VAP. METHODS: A ventilator bundle that incorporates the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Guidelines for Prevention of Nosocomial Pneumonia was instituted in June of 2002. In October 2002, an intervention that audited compliance with the ventilator bundle and provided real-time feedback to ICU staff was started. VAP rates were followed using NNIS criteria. Costs were evaluated using hospital TSI data. RESULTS: VAP did not decrease with institution of the ventilator bundle alone. However, VAP did significantly decrease when the compliance with the ventilator bundle was audited daily and weekly feedback was provided to the caregivers. From November 2002 through June 2003 VAP stayed between 0 and 12.8 per 1,000 ventilator days. The average cost of a VAP was $50,000. CONCLUSIONS: Prevention of VAP requires a concerted effort on the part of hospital administration, physicians, and ICU personnel. The program must be evidence-based, maintained, and accepted by ICU personnel. Continued education and feedback are crucial to maintaining a low VAP rate.",
keywords = "Ventilator bundle, Ventilator-associated pneumonia",
author = "Cocanour, {Christine S} and Michelle Peninger and Domonoske, {Bradley D.} and Tao Li and Bobbie Wright and Alicia Valdivia and Luther, {Katharine M.}",
year = "2006",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1097/01.ta.0000223971.25845.b3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "61",
pages = "122--129",
journal = "Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery",
issn = "2163-0755",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decreasing ventilator-associated pneumonia in a trauma ICU

AU - Cocanour, Christine S

AU - Peninger, Michelle

AU - Domonoske, Bradley D.

AU - Li, Tao

AU - Wright, Bobbie

AU - Valdivia, Alicia

AU - Luther, Katharine M.

PY - 2006/7

Y1 - 2006/7

N2 - BACKGROUND: The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia ranges from 10 to 25%, with mortality of 10 to 40%. It prolongs hospital stay and drives up hospital costs. Our Intensive Care Unit (ICU) ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates were hovering at the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) 90th percentile (22.3-32.7 infections per 1,000 ventilator days from January 2002 through October 2002) necessitating a performance improvement initiative designed to decrease the incidence of VAP. METHODS: A ventilator bundle that incorporates the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Guidelines for Prevention of Nosocomial Pneumonia was instituted in June of 2002. In October 2002, an intervention that audited compliance with the ventilator bundle and provided real-time feedback to ICU staff was started. VAP rates were followed using NNIS criteria. Costs were evaluated using hospital TSI data. RESULTS: VAP did not decrease with institution of the ventilator bundle alone. However, VAP did significantly decrease when the compliance with the ventilator bundle was audited daily and weekly feedback was provided to the caregivers. From November 2002 through June 2003 VAP stayed between 0 and 12.8 per 1,000 ventilator days. The average cost of a VAP was $50,000. CONCLUSIONS: Prevention of VAP requires a concerted effort on the part of hospital administration, physicians, and ICU personnel. The program must be evidence-based, maintained, and accepted by ICU personnel. Continued education and feedback are crucial to maintaining a low VAP rate.

AB - BACKGROUND: The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia ranges from 10 to 25%, with mortality of 10 to 40%. It prolongs hospital stay and drives up hospital costs. Our Intensive Care Unit (ICU) ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates were hovering at the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) 90th percentile (22.3-32.7 infections per 1,000 ventilator days from January 2002 through October 2002) necessitating a performance improvement initiative designed to decrease the incidence of VAP. METHODS: A ventilator bundle that incorporates the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Guidelines for Prevention of Nosocomial Pneumonia was instituted in June of 2002. In October 2002, an intervention that audited compliance with the ventilator bundle and provided real-time feedback to ICU staff was started. VAP rates were followed using NNIS criteria. Costs were evaluated using hospital TSI data. RESULTS: VAP did not decrease with institution of the ventilator bundle alone. However, VAP did significantly decrease when the compliance with the ventilator bundle was audited daily and weekly feedback was provided to the caregivers. From November 2002 through June 2003 VAP stayed between 0 and 12.8 per 1,000 ventilator days. The average cost of a VAP was $50,000. CONCLUSIONS: Prevention of VAP requires a concerted effort on the part of hospital administration, physicians, and ICU personnel. The program must be evidence-based, maintained, and accepted by ICU personnel. Continued education and feedback are crucial to maintaining a low VAP rate.

KW - Ventilator bundle

KW - Ventilator-associated pneumonia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33746257403&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33746257403&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.ta.0000223971.25845.b3

DO - 10.1097/01.ta.0000223971.25845.b3

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 122

EP - 129

JO - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

JF - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

SN - 2163-0755

IS - 1

ER -