Decision making in facial plastic surgery: A problem-oriented approach

Jonathan M Sykes, Rolf M A Bettens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The task of the esthetic surgeon is to enhance facial appearance. Definitions of facial beauty are illusive, often poorly defined, and constantly changing. Success in facial plastic surgical procedures is based on the choice and execution of a given procedure. Surgeons are often taught surgical procedures rather than diagnostic acumen. An understanding of normal facial anatomy and a systematic evaluation of the patient's anatomic variants will allow the preparation of an individualized problem list. A personalized treatment plan can then be compiled. The surgeon must maintain an open-minded approach and the ability to design innovative procedures and modify existing ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-220
Number of pages8
JournalFacial Plastic Surgery Clinics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Decision making in facial plastic surgery: A problem-oriented approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this