Decellularized rabbit cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscle for laryngeal regeneration

Jonathan M. Fishman, Tahera Ansari, Paul Sibbons, Paolo De Coppi, Martin A. Birchall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Although considerable progress has been made in regenerative medicine, a quantum step would be the replacement and/or regeneration of functional muscle tissue. For example, although patients' airways can now be successfully replaced with stem cell-based techniques, a much greater patient need would be addressed by regeneration of the muscles required for engineering a functional larynx, in which active movement is critical. The rabbit cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscle was chosen for the present study because it is equivalent to the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle, the only significant abductor muscle in human larynges. Methods: Rabbit cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscles were harvested, and different decellularization methods were compared by use of a combination of histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular techniques. Decellularized scaffolds were implanted into Sprague-Dawley rats as part of a 2-week biocompatibility study to assess immunogenicity. Results: Decellularization with a combination of latrunculin B, potassium iodide, potassium chloride, and deoxyribonuclease resulted in total DNA clearance and reduced levels of major histocompatibility complex class II expression, with relative preservation of the scaffold's structural integrity (collagen, elastin, and glycosaminoglycan content). The scaffolds showed minimal signs of rejection at 2 weeks in a cross-species (xenotransplantation) study. Conclusions: Decellularized laryngeal muscles, which are nonimmunogenic, may provide the optimal scaffold source for the generation of a fully functional tissue-engineered larynx.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-138
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume121
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Laryngeal regeneration
  • Scaffold
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Fishman, J. M., Ansari, T., Sibbons, P., De Coppi, P., & Birchall, M. A. (2012). Decellularized rabbit cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscle for laryngeal regeneration. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 121(2), 129-138.