Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics

K. R. Manes, M. L. Spaeth, J. J. Adams, M. W. Bowers, J. D. Bude, C. W. Carr, A. D. Conder, D. A. Cross, S. G. Demos, J. M G Di Nicola, S. N. Dixit, E. Feigenbaum, R. G. Finucane, G. M. Guss, M. A. Henesian, J. Honig, D. H. Kalantar, L. M. Kegelmeyer, Z. M. Liao, B. J. MacGowanM. J. Matthews, K. P. McCandless, N. C. Mehta, P. E. Miller, R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, L. R. Siegel, C. J. Stolz, T. I. Suratwala, J. B. Trenholme, P. J. Wegner, P. K. Whitman, C. C. Widmayer, S. T. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After every other failure mode has been considered, in the end, the high-performance limit of all lasers is set by optical damage. The demands of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) pushed lasers designed as ICF drivers into this limit from their very earliest days. The first ICF lasers were small, and their pulses were short. Their goal was to provide as much power to the target as possible. Typically, they faced damage due to high intensity on their optics. As requests for higher laser energy, longer pulse lengths, and better symmetry appeared, new kinds of damage also emerged, some of them anticipated and others unexpected. This paper will discuss the various types of damage to large optics that had to be considered, avoided to the extent possible, or otherwise managed as the National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser was designed, fabricated, and brought into operation. It has been possible for NIF to meet its requirements because of the experience gained in previous ICF systems and because NIF designers have continued to be able to avoid or manage new damage situations as they have appeared.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-249
Number of pages104
JournalFusion Science and Technology
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Inertial confinement fusion
ignition
inertial confinement fusion
Ignition
Optics
optics
damage
Lasers
lasers
Laser pulses
High energy lasers
Failure modes
failure modes
pulses
requirements
symmetry

Keywords

  • ICF lasers
  • Parasitic loss mechanisms for lasers.
  • Pseudoscopic imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Manes, K. R., Spaeth, M. L., Adams, J. J., Bowers, M. W., Bude, J. D., Carr, C. W., ... Yang, S. T. (2016). Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics. Fusion Science and Technology, 69(1), 146-249. https://doi.org/10.13182/FST15-139

Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics. / Manes, K. R.; Spaeth, M. L.; Adams, J. J.; Bowers, M. W.; Bude, J. D.; Carr, C. W.; Conder, A. D.; Cross, D. A.; Demos, S. G.; Di Nicola, J. M G; Dixit, S. N.; Feigenbaum, E.; Finucane, R. G.; Guss, G. M.; Henesian, M. A.; Honig, J.; Kalantar, D. H.; Kegelmeyer, L. M.; Liao, Z. M.; MacGowan, B. J.; Matthews, M. J.; McCandless, K. P.; Mehta, N. C.; Miller, P. E.; Negres, R. A.; Norton, M. A.; Nostrand, M. C.; Orth, C. D.; Sacks, R. A.; Shaw, M. J.; Siegel, L. R.; Stolz, C. J.; Suratwala, T. I.; Trenholme, J. B.; Wegner, P. J.; Whitman, P. K.; Widmayer, C. C.; Yang, S. T.

In: Fusion Science and Technology, Vol. 69, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 146-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Manes, KR, Spaeth, ML, Adams, JJ, Bowers, MW, Bude, JD, Carr, CW, Conder, AD, Cross, DA, Demos, SG, Di Nicola, JMG, Dixit, SN, Feigenbaum, E, Finucane, RG, Guss, GM, Henesian, MA, Honig, J, Kalantar, DH, Kegelmeyer, LM, Liao, ZM, MacGowan, BJ, Matthews, MJ, McCandless, KP, Mehta, NC, Miller, PE, Negres, RA, Norton, MA, Nostrand, MC, Orth, CD, Sacks, RA, Shaw, MJ, Siegel, LR, Stolz, CJ, Suratwala, TI, Trenholme, JB, Wegner, PJ, Whitman, PK, Widmayer, CC & Yang, ST 2016, 'Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics', Fusion Science and Technology, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 146-249. https://doi.org/10.13182/FST15-139
Manes KR, Spaeth ML, Adams JJ, Bowers MW, Bude JD, Carr CW et al. Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics. Fusion Science and Technology. 2016 Jan 1;69(1):146-249. https://doi.org/10.13182/FST15-139
Manes, K. R. ; Spaeth, M. L. ; Adams, J. J. ; Bowers, M. W. ; Bude, J. D. ; Carr, C. W. ; Conder, A. D. ; Cross, D. A. ; Demos, S. G. ; Di Nicola, J. M G ; Dixit, S. N. ; Feigenbaum, E. ; Finucane, R. G. ; Guss, G. M. ; Henesian, M. A. ; Honig, J. ; Kalantar, D. H. ; Kegelmeyer, L. M. ; Liao, Z. M. ; MacGowan, B. J. ; Matthews, M. J. ; McCandless, K. P. ; Mehta, N. C. ; Miller, P. E. ; Negres, R. A. ; Norton, M. A. ; Nostrand, M. C. ; Orth, C. D. ; Sacks, R. A. ; Shaw, M. J. ; Siegel, L. R. ; Stolz, C. J. ; Suratwala, T. I. ; Trenholme, J. B. ; Wegner, P. J. ; Whitman, P. K. ; Widmayer, C. C. ; Yang, S. T. / Damage mechanisms avoided or managed for NIF large optics. In: Fusion Science and Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 146-249.
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