Daily exercise and gender influence arterial baroreflex regulation of heart rate and nerve activity

Chao-Yin Chen, Stephen E. DiCarlo

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of daily spontaneous running (DSR) and gender on the arterial baroreflex regulation of heart rate (HR) and lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (LSNA) was examined in 13 male [7 sedentary (SED) and 6 DSR] and 12 female (6 SED and 6 DSR) Sprague-Dawley rats. After 8-9 wk of DSR or SED control, all animals were chronically instrumented with right femoral venous and left carotid arterial catheters and electrodes around the lumbar sympathetic trunk. DSR resulted in an increase in heart weight-to-body weight ratio (P = 0.001) in male and female rats and resting bradycardia in male rats (P = 0.001). Arterial baroreflex function was examined by ramp increases (1.25 ± 0.07 mmHg/s) and decreases (1.47 mmHg/s) in arterial pressure. DSR attenuated the arterial baroreflex regulation of LSNA in a similar manner in female and male rats. DSR reduced the range (32 and 29% for female and male rats, respectively), maximum (26 and 21% for female and male rats, respectively), and maximum gain (Gmax; 46 and 17% for female and male rats, respectively). In contrast, there was a gender influence on the arterial baroreflex regulation of HR. For example, SED female rats had a higher Gmax (40%) than SED male rats. Furthermore, DSR altered the arterial baroreflex regulation of HR differently in male and female rats. DSR female rats had a reduced Gmax (38%), range (25%), and maximum (12%), whereas DSR male rats had a reduced maximum (17%) and minimum (23%). These results demonstrate that DSR attenuated the arterial baroreflex regulation of LSNA in a similar manner in female and male rats. In contrast, DSR altered the arterial baroreflex regulation of HR differently in female and male rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume40
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Exercise training
  • Female
  • Male
  • Parasympathetic
  • Sympathetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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