Background: Gastrointestinal involvement is one of the most serious in Behçet disease, potentially leading to severe complications. Aim of this study was to investigate at mucosal level the T-cell responses in Behçet patients with early intestinal involvement. Methods: We isolated T cells from intestinal mucosa of 8 patients with intestinal symptoms started within 6 months. T lymphocytes were cloned and analyzed for surface phenotype and cytokines production. Results:We obtained 382 T-cell clones: 324 were CD4+ and 58 were CD8+. Within the 324 CD4+ clones, 195 were able to secrete IFN-g and TNF-a, but not IL-4, nor IL-17 thus showing a polarized Th1 profile, whereas CD4 clones producing both IFN-g and IL-17 (Th1/Th17 profile) were 79. Likewise, the number of CD8 clones producing type 1 cytokines was higher than those of CD8 clones producing both type 1 and 2 cytokines. Almost all intestinal-derived T-cell clones expressed perforin-mediated cytotoxicity and Fas-Fas Ligand-mediated pro-apoptotic activity. Conclusions: Our results indicate that in the early stages of the disease, both Th1 and Th17 cells drive inflammation leading to mucosal damage via abnormal and long-lasting cytokines production as well as via both perforin-and Fas-Fas ligand-mediated cytotoxicity. Finally, all the T cells at mucosal level were able to produce large amount of TNF-a, suggesting that its production is a property of intestinal T cells of patients with early active intestinal disease. These results support the therapy with anti-TNF- A agents and suggest the use of anti-IL-17 monoclonal antibodies in Behçet patients with early intestinal involvement.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries|
|State||Published - 2016|
- Behçet disease
- Th cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas