Cytosolic p21Waf1/Cip1 increases cell cycle transit in vascular smooth muscle cells

Yao Dong, Sylvia L. Chi, Alexander D Borowsky, Yaping Fan, Robert H Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The intracellular localization of signaling proteins is critical in directing their interactions with both upstream and downstream signaling cascade components. While initially described as a cyclin kinase inhibitor, p21Waf1/Cip1 has since been shown to have bimodal effects on cell cycle progression and cell proliferation, and evidence is emerging that intracellular localization of this protein plays a role in directing its signaling properties by dictating its interactions with downstream molecules. Since we have previously demonstrated a pro-apoptotic and cell cycle inhibitory effect of p21 attenuation after transfection of antisense p21 oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) in several cell lines, we asked whether cytosolic p21 mediates a positive effect on vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cell cycle transit. We now show that transfection of a nuclear-localization signal deficient (ΔNLS) p21 construct into VSM cells results in increased cytosolic levels of p21 and causes increased cell cycle transit as measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation. Thus, at least in VSM cells, cytosolic localization of p21 is a means by which this signaling protein transmits pro-mitogenic signals to the proteins responsible for G1/S transition. Furthermore, compartmentalization of p21 may help explain the biphasic nature of p21 in a variety of cell types and may lead to therapeutic advances directed at modulating pathologic cell growth in vascular diseases and cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-269
Number of pages7
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Nuclear-localization signal
  • Oligodeoxynucleotides
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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