Cytosolic and microsomal epoxide hydrolases are immunologically distinguishable from each other in the rat and mouse.

T. M. Guenthner, B. D. Hammock, U. Vogel, F. Oesch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antibodies raised to homogeneous rat liver microsomal epoxide hydrolase were used to distinguish microsomal epoxide hydrolase from epoxide hydrolase of cytosolic origin in mice and rats. Using double diffusion analysis in agarose gels, we show that anti-rat liver microsomal epoxide hydrolase forms a single precipitin line with solubilized microsomes from rat and mouse liver, but no reaction is seen with the corresponding cytosolic fractions. Rat or mouse microsomal epoxide hydrolase activity (using benzo[a]pyrene 4,5-oxide as substrate) can be completely precipitated out of solubilized preparations by the antibody, which is equipotent against rat and mouse microsomal epoxide hydrolase. No precipitation of cytosolic hydrolase activity (using trans-beta-ethyl styrene oxide as substrate) is seen with any concentration of the antibody tested. Thus, in the case of microsomal epoxide hydrolase, extensive immunological cross-reactivity exists between the two species, rat and mouse. In contrast, no cross-reactivity is detectable between cytosolic and microsomal epoxide hydrolase, even when enzymes from the same species are compared. We conclude that microsomal and cytosolic epoxide hydrolase activities represent distinct and immunologically non-cross-reactive protein species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3163-3166
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume256
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 10 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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