Cytogenetic evaluation of a large series of hepatoblastomas

Numerical abnormalities with recurring aberrations involving 1q12-q21

Gail E. Tomlinson, Edwin C. Douglass, Bradley H Pollock, Milton J. Finegold, Nancy R. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatoblastoma is a malignant embryonal liver tumor that occurs almost exclusively in infants and very young children. Previous cytogenetic studies of hepatoblastoma have investigated small series or individual cases. This report is on the cytogenetics of a large series of 111 hepatoblastoma specimens, with cytogenetic results consecutively karyotyped over a 12-year period. Abnormal karyotypes were observed in 55 cases (∼50% of the total). Numerical aberrations were observed in 41 cases (36% of the total), particularly trisomies of chromosomes 2, 8, and 20. Chromosome losses were less common than chromosome gains. Structural abnormalities were observed in 43 cases (39% of the total). Unbalanced translocations resulting in trisomy 1q and involving breakpoints at 1q12-21 were the most common structural abnormality, observed in 20 tumors (18% of total cases); the corresponding translocated chromosome was highly varied. The previously reported t(1;4) was observed in seven cases. Most tumors with translocations involving 1q12-21 also displayed numerical chromosome aberrations, the most common of which were chromosomal trisomies, whereas tumors with other structural rearrangements had fewer numerical abnormalities. Supplementary material for this article can be found on the Genes, Chromosomes, and Cancer website at http://www.interscience.wiley.com/jpages/1045-2257/ suppmat/index.html.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Hepatoblastoma
Cytogenetics
Chromosomes
Trisomy
Neoplasms
Abnormal Karyotype
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2
Neoplasm Genes
Chromosome Aberrations
Liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

Cite this

Cytogenetic evaluation of a large series of hepatoblastomas : Numerical abnormalities with recurring aberrations involving 1q12-q21. / Tomlinson, Gail E.; Douglass, Edwin C.; Pollock, Bradley H; Finegold, Milton J.; Schneider, Nancy R.

In: Genes Chromosomes and Cancer, Vol. 44, No. 2, 10.2005, p. 177-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tomlinson, Gail E. ; Douglass, Edwin C. ; Pollock, Bradley H ; Finegold, Milton J. ; Schneider, Nancy R. / Cytogenetic evaluation of a large series of hepatoblastomas : Numerical abnormalities with recurring aberrations involving 1q12-q21. In: Genes Chromosomes and Cancer. 2005 ; Vol. 44, No. 2. pp. 177-184.
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