Cytogenetic characterization of the ionizing radiation-sensitive Chinese hamster mutant irs1

James D. Tucker, Nigel J. Jones, Nancy A. Allen, Jason L. Minkler, Larry H. Thompson, Anthony V. Carrano

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Abstract

The X-ray-sensitive mutant V79 cell line irs1 was characterized with respect to chromosomal aberrations induced by 137Cs, mitomycin C (MMC), and decarbamoyl mitomycin C (DCMMC). To measure chromosome damage induced at different cell cycle stages, irs1 and the parental V79-4 cell lines were pulse-labeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) at the time of exposure and harvested at various intervals corresponding to exposure in G1, S, and G2 phases of the cell cycle. Metaphase spreads were stained with an anti-BrdUrd antibody, followed by a fluorescein-conjugated second antibody. With propidium iodide as a counter stain, cells were scored for aberrations. Compared to the parental V79 cells, irs1 cells had: (1) greatly increased sensitivity to all 3 agents; (2) a high frequency of chromatid exchanges after exposure in each phase of the cell cycle; and (3) more sensitivity to the agent causing crosslinks (MMC) than its monofunctional analog (DCMMC). The finding of chromatid-type damage in cells exposed to ionizing radiation during G1 is atypical of normal cells, but is similar to observations made in several mutant rodent cell lines and in ataxia telangiectasia cells. Our results suggest that the defect in irs1 cells can manifest itself as misrepair or misreplication during all phases of the cell cycle and leads to a high incidence of chromatid exchanges and deletions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-152
Number of pages10
JournalMutation Research-DNA Repair
Volume254
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bromodeoxyuridine
  • Chinese hamster mutant irs1
  • chromosomal aberrations
  • Decarbamoyl mitomycin C
  • DNA repair
  • irs1
  • Mitomycin C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Tucker, J. D., Jones, N. J., Allen, N. A., Minkler, J. L., Thompson, L. H., & Carrano, A. V. (1991). Cytogenetic characterization of the ionizing radiation-sensitive Chinese hamster mutant irs1. Mutation Research-DNA Repair, 254(2), 143-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-8777(91)90005-A