Radioligand binding studies have demonstrated that the neutral amino acid cycloleucine may act as a competitive antagonist at the glycine modulatory site on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex. In the present study, we examined the effects of cycloleucine on NMDA-evoked inward current responses in dissociated hippocampal neuronal cultures using the whole cell voltage-clamp technique. In the presence of 1 μ glycine, cycloleucine caused a reversible, dose-dependent inhibition of NMDA responses with an IC50 of 24 μM. An increase in glycine to 100 μM resulted in a shift to the right of the cycloleucine concentration-effect curve (IC50, 1.4 mM). However, with cycloleucine concentrations ≤ 100 μM, a fraction of the block could not be overcome by glycine even at concentrations as high as 1 mM. The cycloleucine block was unaffected by shifts in the holding potential (-60 to +60 mV), and there was no effect of cycloleucine on the reversal potential of the NMDA-evoked current. Cycloleucine failed to effect kainic acid- and quisqualic acid-evoked currents at concentrations which inhibited NMDA responses. We conclude that cycloleucine is a potent and selective antagonist of NMDA-receptor mediated responses. Although this effect occurs in part via competitive antagonism at the glycine modulatory site, the cyloleucine block cannot be completely reversed by glycine indicating an interaction with an additional site on the receptor-channel complex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|State||Published - 1989|
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