Cyclic stretch stimulates mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and Nox4 signaling in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells

Stephen Wedgwood, Satyanarayana Lakshminrusimha, Paul T. Schumacker, Robin H Steinhorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was designed to determine whether cyclic stretch induces a persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) phenotype of increased NADPH oxidase (Nox) 4 signaling in control pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC), and to identify the signal transduction molecules involved. To achieve this, PPHN was induced in lambs by antenatal ligation of the ductus arteriosus at 128 days gestation. After 9 days, lungs and PASMC were isolated from control (twin) and PPHN lambs. Control PASMC were exposed to cyclic stretch at 1 Hz and 15% elongation for 24 h. Stretch-induced Nox4 expression was attenuated by inhibition of mitochondrial complex III and NF-κB, and stretch-induced protein thiol oxidation was attenuated by Nox4 small interfering RNA and complex III inhibition. NF-κB activity was increased by stretch in a complex III-dependent fashion, and stretch-induced cyclin D1 expression was attenuated by complex III inhibition and Nox4 small interfering RNA. This is the first study to show that cyclic stretch increases Nox4 expression via mitochondrial complex III-induced activation of NF-κB in fetal PASMC, resulting in ROS signaling and increased cyclin D1 expression. Targeting these signaling molecules may attenuate pulmonary vascular remodeling associated with PPHN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L196-L203
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume309
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2015

Keywords

  • NADPH oxidase
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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