Cyberknife stereotactic radiosurgery for treatment of atypical (Who Grade II) cranial meningiomas

Clara Y.H. Choi, Scott G. Soltys, Iris C. Gibbs, Griffith R. Harsh, Paul S. Jackson, Robert E. Lieberson, Steven D. Chang, John R. Adler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The optimal management of subtotally resected atypical meningiomas is unknown. Objective: To perform a retrospective review of patients with residual or recurrent atypical meningiomas treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Methods: Twenty-five patients were treated, either immediately after surgery (n = 15) or at the time of radiographic progression or treatment failure (n = 10). SRS was delivered to with a median marginal dose of 22 Gy (range, 16-30) in 1 to 4 fractions (median, 1), targeting a median tumor volume of 5.3 cm (range, 0.3-26.0). Results: With a median follow-up time of 28 months (range, 3-67), the 12-, 24-, and 36-month actuarial local and regional control rates for all patients were 94%, 94%, 74%, and 90%, 90%, 62%, respectively. There were 2 cases of radiation toxicity. On univariate analysis, the number of recurrences before SRS (P = .046), late SRS (ie, waiting until tumor progression to initiate treatment) (P = .03), and age at treatment 60 years (P = .01) were significant predictors of recurrence. Of the 20 radiation-naïve patients, 2 patients failed with the targeted lesion and 3 elsewhere in the resection bed, resulting in 12-, 24- and 36-month actuarial local and regional control rates of 100%, 100%, 73% and 93%, 93%, 75%, respectively. The overall locoregional control rates at 12, 24, and 36 months were 93%, 93%, and 54%, respectively. Conclusion: Irradiation of the entire postoperative tumor bed may not be necessary for the majority of patients with subtotally resected atypical meningiomas. Patients in this series achieved outcomes comparable to that of historical control rates for larger volume, conventionally fractionated radiotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1180-1188
Number of pages9
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atypical meningioma
  • CyberKnife
  • Radiation
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • WHO Grade II meningioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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