Cutting edge: C-C chemokine receptor 6 is essential for arrest of a subset of memory T cells on activated dermal microvascular endothelial cells under physiologic flow conditions in vitro

D. J. Fitzhugh, S. Naik, S. W. Caughman, Samuel T Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Memory T cells (mTC) express multiple chemokine receptors (including CCR4 and CCR6) that may potentially be involved in their arrest on inflamed endothelia. Herein, we specifically addressed whether CCR6 is required for mTC to arrest on TNF-α-activated human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC) in vitro under shear stress conditions. Recombinant liver and activation-regulated chemokine (LARC)/CCL20 (a CCR6 ligand) induced firm arrest of cutaneous lymphocyte Ag+ mTC in a flow chamber system using purified substrates. Strikingly, desensitization of CCR6 with LARC, but not thymus and activation-regulated chemokine/CCL17 or secondary lymphoid tissue chemokine/CCL21, caused a 50-75% decrease (p < 0.001) in arrest of mTC on HDMEC, which was indistinguishable from the reduction observed when total mTC were treated with pertussis toxin (p > 0.5). CCR6-depleted mTC also had a markedly reduced ability to arrest on HDMEC. Our results suggest that LARC production by activated endothelial cells and CCR6 expression by mTC may be critical components in the pertussis toxin-sensitive arrest of mTC on activated HDMEC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6677-6681
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume165
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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