Current perioperative outcomes for patients with disseminated cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Surgical morbidity and mortality (M&M) for patients with disseminated malignancy (DMa) is high, and some have questioned the role of surgery. Therefore, we sought to characterize temporal trends in M&M among DMa patients, hypothesizing that surgical intervention would remain prevalent. Methods We queried the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program from 2006-2010. Excluding patients undergoing a primary hepatic operation, we identified 21,755 patients with DMa. Parametric and/or nonparametric statistics and logistic regression were used to evaluate temporal trends and predictors of M&M. Results The prevalence of surgical intervention for DMa declined slightly over the time period, from 1.9%-1.6% of all procedures (P < 0.01). Among DMa patients, the most frequent operations performed were bowel resection, other gastrointestinal procedures, and multivisceral resections, these all showed small statistically significant decreases over time (P < 0.01). The rate of emergency operations also decreased (P < 0.01). In contrast, the rate of preoperative independent functional status rose, whereas the rate of preoperative weight loss and sepsis decreased (P < 0.01). Rates of 30-d morbidity (33.7 versus 26.6%), serious morbidity (19.8 versus 14.2%), and mortality (10.4 versus 9.3%) all decreased over the study period (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis identified standard predictors (e.g., impaired functional status, preoperative weight loss, preoperative sepsis, and hypoalbuminemia) of worse 30-d M&M. Conclusions Thirty-day morbidity, serious morbidity, and mortality have decreased incrementally for patients with DMa undergoing surgical intervention, but surgical intervention remains prevalent. These data further highlight the importance of careful patient selection and goal-directed therapy in patients with incurable malignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-125
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume197
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Disseminated malignancy
  • Morbidity and mortality
  • Perioperative outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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