Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis (syn. Francisella asiatica), the causative agent of franciselliosis in warm-water fish, is a Gram-negative facultative intracellular bacterium. Although it has been characterized as one of the most pathogenic bacteria in fish, the water conditions that allow for its survival and infectious capacities outside the fish host are not known. Data obtained in this project indicate that both temperature and salinity are important factors in the culturability and persistence of F. noatunensis subsp. orientalis in both sea- and freshwater microcosms. These results indicate that culturable F. noatunensis subsp. orientalis persist for longer periods of time and at higher numbers in seawater, and its persistence is inversely related to water temperature. Moreover, the pathogenic properties of the bacteria suspended in water microcosms appear to decrease after only 24 h and become non-infective after 2 days in the absence of the fish host.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Soil Science