Crystalloid and Colloid Compositions and Their Impact

Elke Rudloff, Kate Hopper

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This manuscript will review crystalloid (hypo-, iso-, and hyper-tonic) and colloid (synthetic and natural) fluids that are available for intravenous administration with a focus on their electrolyte, acid-base, colligative, and rheological effects as they relate to each solution's efficacy and safety. The goal is for the reader to better understand the differences between each fluid and the influence on plasma composition, key organ systems, and their implications when used therapeutically in animals with critical illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number639848
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
StatePublished - Mar 31 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • colloid
  • COP
  • crystalloid
  • fluid therapy
  • osmolarity
  • plasma
  • SID
  • strong ion difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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