Cross-talk between E. coli strains and a human colorectal adenocarcinoma-derived cell line

Xuan He, Darya O. Mishchuk, Jigna Shah, Bart C Weimer, Carolyn M. Slupsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Although there is great interest in the specific mechanisms of how gut microbiota modulate the biological processes of the human host, the extent of host-microbe interactions and the bacteria-specific metabolic activities for survival in the co-evolved gastrointestinal environment remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate a comprehensive comparison of the host epithelial response induced by either a pathogenic or commensal strain of Escherichia coli using a multi-omics approach. We show that Caco-2 cells incubated with E. coli display an activation of defense response genes associated with oxidative stress. Indeed, in the bacteria co-culture system, the host cells experience an altered environment compared with the germ-free system that includes reduced pH, depletion of major energy substrates, and accumulation of fermentation by-products. Measurement of intracellular Caco-2 cell metabolites revealed a significantly increased lactate concentration, as well as changes in TCA cycle intermediates. Our results will lead to a deeper understanding of acute microbial-host interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3416
JournalScientific Reports
StatePublished - Dec 4 2013

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