Counter-prejudicial training reduces activation of biased associations and enhances response monitoring

Jimmy Calanchini, Karen Gonsalkorale, Jeffrey Sherman, Karl Christoph Klauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although implicitly measured bias was once assumed to be highly stable, subsequent research has shown that it is, in fact, malleable. One technique for altering implicit bias is through counter-prejudicial training. At least two broad mechanisms may drive this effect. First, training people to respond in counter-prejudicial ways may diminish the extent to which biased associations are activated in memory. Second, training may strengthen processes that reduce the influence of biased associations on responses. Participants received either counter-prejudicial, pro-prejudicial, or no training and then completed an implicit measure of bias. Application of the quadruple process model revealed support for both mechanisms: Counter-prejudicial training produced less activation of biased associations as well as enhanced detection of appropriate responses compared with pro-prejudicial or no training. Implications for the development of bias-reduction training are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-325
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Fingerprint

Research
Drive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Counter-prejudicial training reduces activation of biased associations and enhances response monitoring. / Calanchini, Jimmy; Gonsalkorale, Karen; Sherman, Jeffrey; Klauer, Karl Christoph.

In: European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 43, No. 5, 01.08.2013, p. 321-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Calanchini, Jimmy ; Gonsalkorale, Karen ; Sherman, Jeffrey ; Klauer, Karl Christoph. / Counter-prejudicial training reduces activation of biased associations and enhances response monitoring. In: European Journal of Social Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 43, No. 5. pp. 321-325.
@article{8299205b2a3049919ebba93bc660d4a2,
title = "Counter-prejudicial training reduces activation of biased associations and enhances response monitoring",
abstract = "Although implicitly measured bias was once assumed to be highly stable, subsequent research has shown that it is, in fact, malleable. One technique for altering implicit bias is through counter-prejudicial training. At least two broad mechanisms may drive this effect. First, training people to respond in counter-prejudicial ways may diminish the extent to which biased associations are activated in memory. Second, training may strengthen processes that reduce the influence of biased associations on responses. Participants received either counter-prejudicial, pro-prejudicial, or no training and then completed an implicit measure of bias. Application of the quadruple process model revealed support for both mechanisms: Counter-prejudicial training produced less activation of biased associations as well as enhanced detection of appropriate responses compared with pro-prejudicial or no training. Implications for the development of bias-reduction training are discussed.",
author = "Jimmy Calanchini and Karen Gonsalkorale and Jeffrey Sherman and Klauer, {Karl Christoph}",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ejsp.1941",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "321--325",
journal = "European Journal of Social Psychology",
issn = "0046-2772",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Counter-prejudicial training reduces activation of biased associations and enhances response monitoring

AU - Calanchini, Jimmy

AU - Gonsalkorale, Karen

AU - Sherman, Jeffrey

AU - Klauer, Karl Christoph

PY - 2013/8/1

Y1 - 2013/8/1

N2 - Although implicitly measured bias was once assumed to be highly stable, subsequent research has shown that it is, in fact, malleable. One technique for altering implicit bias is through counter-prejudicial training. At least two broad mechanisms may drive this effect. First, training people to respond in counter-prejudicial ways may diminish the extent to which biased associations are activated in memory. Second, training may strengthen processes that reduce the influence of biased associations on responses. Participants received either counter-prejudicial, pro-prejudicial, or no training and then completed an implicit measure of bias. Application of the quadruple process model revealed support for both mechanisms: Counter-prejudicial training produced less activation of biased associations as well as enhanced detection of appropriate responses compared with pro-prejudicial or no training. Implications for the development of bias-reduction training are discussed.

AB - Although implicitly measured bias was once assumed to be highly stable, subsequent research has shown that it is, in fact, malleable. One technique for altering implicit bias is through counter-prejudicial training. At least two broad mechanisms may drive this effect. First, training people to respond in counter-prejudicial ways may diminish the extent to which biased associations are activated in memory. Second, training may strengthen processes that reduce the influence of biased associations on responses. Participants received either counter-prejudicial, pro-prejudicial, or no training and then completed an implicit measure of bias. Application of the quadruple process model revealed support for both mechanisms: Counter-prejudicial training produced less activation of biased associations as well as enhanced detection of appropriate responses compared with pro-prejudicial or no training. Implications for the development of bias-reduction training are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880702610&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880702610&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ejsp.1941

DO - 10.1002/ejsp.1941

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84880702610

VL - 43

SP - 321

EP - 325

JO - European Journal of Social Psychology

JF - European Journal of Social Psychology

SN - 0046-2772

IS - 5

ER -