Background: Little is known about cost differences for demographic groups or across occupational injuries and illnesses. Methods: In this incidence study of nationwide data for 1993, an analysis was conducted on fatal and non-fatal injury and illness data recorded in government data sets. Costs data were from workers' compensation records, estimates of lost wages, and jury awards. Results: The youngest (age ≤ 17) and oldest (age ≥ 65) workers had exceptionally high fatality costs. Whereas men's costs for non-fatal incidents were nearly double those for women, men's costs for fatal injuries were 10 times the costs for women. The highest ranking occupation for combined fatal and non-fatal costs - farming, forestry, and fishing - had costs-per-worker ($5,163) over 18 times the lowest ranking occupation - executives and managers ($279). The occupation of handlers, cleaners, and laborers, ranked highest for non-fatal costs. Gunshot wounds generated especially high fatal costs. Compared to whites, African-Americans had a lower percentage of costs due to carpal tunnel syndrome, circulatory, and digestive diseases. Conclusions: Costs comparisons can be drawn across age, race, gender, and occupational groups as well as categories of injuries and illnesses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health