There is a need for more effective therapy for chronic virus infections. A principle natural mechanism for elimination of virus-infected host cells is activation of viral antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). In an effort to develop methods of inducing virus-specific CTL responses that might be utilized in therapy of virus infections, we have investigated the effect of B7, a costimulatory factor for T-cell activation. In this study we show that delivery of genes encoding human B7-1 and a viral antigen in the same recombinant vital vector to cells of mice induces a greater viral antigen- specific CTL response than does similar delivery of the vital antigen gene alone. Two recombinant adenovirus vectors were constructed with the foreign genes inserted in the early region 3. One of them (Ad1312) directed expression of the surface antigen gene of hepatitis B virus (HBS); the other (Ad1310) directed coexpression of HBS and human B7-1 (CD80) by means of an internal ribosomal entry site placed between the two coding sequences. When inoculated into BALB/c mice, both vectors induced a viral surface antigen- specific CTL response. The response induced by Ad1310 was stronger than that by Ad1312 as measured by a chromium release assay for CTL activity and limiting dilution analysis for CTL precursor frequency, indicating that the B7-1 gene co-delivered with the HBS gene had an enhancing effect on the CTL response against surface antigen. Ad1310 also induced a higher titer of antibody against surface antigen than did Ad1312. This result suggests that expression of a costimulatory protein and a viral antigen in the same cells in vivo induces stronger immune responses than expression of the antigen alone. This could be a novel strategy for development of both preventive and therapeutic vaccines against infectious agents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jul 9 1996|
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