Corticotropin-releasing hormone-receptor 1 (CRH-R1) and CRH-binding protein (CRH-BP) are expressed in the gills and skin of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. and respond to acute stress and infection

A. F. Mazon, B. M.L. Verburg-van Kemenade, G. Flik, M. O. Huising

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We established that corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), CRH-binding protein (CRH-BP) and CRH-receptor 1 (CRH-R1) are expressed in the gills and skin of common carp Cyprinus carpio, an early vertebrate. Immunoreactive CRH was detected in macrophage-like cells in gills and skin, in fibroblasts in the skin and in endothelial cells in the gills. The involvement of the CRH system in gills and skin was investigated in response to infection and in an acute restraint stress paradigm. Carp were infected with the protozoan leech-transmitted blood flagellate Trypanoplasma borreli and subjected to acute restraint stress by netting for 24 h. The expression of CRH-BP and CRH-R1 genes in the gills and in the skin is downregulated after both infection and restraint. Thus the peripheral CRH system reacts to infection and stress. The gills and skin separate the internal from the external environment and are permanently exposed to stress and pathogens. Because of their pivotal role in maintaining the homeostatic equilibrium, these organs must act locally to respond to diverse stresses. Clearly, the CRH system is involved in the response of the integument to diverse stresses at the vulnerable interface of the internal and external milieu.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-517
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume209
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Corticotropin-releasing hormone
  • cRH-BP
  • cRH-R1
  • Cyprinus carpio
  • Fish
  • Gills
  • Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science

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