Coronaviruses in bats from Mexico

S. J. Anthony, R. Ojeda-Flores, O. Rico-Chávez, I. Navarrete-Macias, C. M. Zambrana-Torrelio, M. K. Rostal, J. H. Epstein, T. Tipps, E. Liang, M. Sanchez-Leon, J. Sotomayor-Bonilla, A. A. Aguirre, R. A. Ávila-Flores, R. A. Medellín, Tracey Goldstein, G. Suzán, P. Daszak, W. I. Lipkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bats are reservoirs for a wide range of human pathogens including Nipah, Hendra, rabies, Ebola, Marburg and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (CoV). The recent implication of a novel beta (β)-CoV as the cause of fatal respiratory disease in the Middle East emphasizes the importance of surveillance for CoVs that have potential to move from bats into the human population. In a screen of 606 bats from 42 different species in Campeche, Chiapas and Mexico City we identified 13 distinct CoVs. Nine were alpha (α)-CoVs; four were β-CoVs. Twelve were novel. Analyses of these viruses in the context of their hosts and ecological habitat indicated that host species is a strong selective driver in CoV evolution, even in allopatric populations separated by significant geographical distance; and that a single species/genus of bat can contain multiple CoVs. A β-CoV with 96.5% amino acid identity to the β-CoV associated with human disease in the Middle East was found in a Nyctinomops laticaudatus bat, suggesting that efforts to identify the viral reservoir should include surveillance of the bat families Molossidae/Vespertilionidae, or the closely related Nycteridae/Emballonuridae. While it is important to investigate unknown viral diversity in bats, it is also important to remember that the majority of viruses they carry will not pose any clinical risk, and bats should not be stigmatized ubiquitously as significant threats to public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1028-1038
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume94
Issue numberPART 5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

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Coronavirus
Mexico
Middle East
Viruses
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Rabies
Population
Ecosystem
Public Health
Amino Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

Anthony, S. J., Ojeda-Flores, R., Rico-Chávez, O., Navarrete-Macias, I., Zambrana-Torrelio, C. M., Rostal, M. K., ... Lipkin, W. I. (2013). Coronaviruses in bats from Mexico. Journal of General Virology, 94(PART 5), 1028-1038. https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.049759-0

Coronaviruses in bats from Mexico. / Anthony, S. J.; Ojeda-Flores, R.; Rico-Chávez, O.; Navarrete-Macias, I.; Zambrana-Torrelio, C. M.; Rostal, M. K.; Epstein, J. H.; Tipps, T.; Liang, E.; Sanchez-Leon, M.; Sotomayor-Bonilla, J.; Aguirre, A. A.; Ávila-Flores, R. A.; Medellín, R. A.; Goldstein, Tracey; Suzán, G.; Daszak, P.; Lipkin, W. I.

In: Journal of General Virology, Vol. 94, No. PART 5, 05.2013, p. 1028-1038.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Anthony, SJ, Ojeda-Flores, R, Rico-Chávez, O, Navarrete-Macias, I, Zambrana-Torrelio, CM, Rostal, MK, Epstein, JH, Tipps, T, Liang, E, Sanchez-Leon, M, Sotomayor-Bonilla, J, Aguirre, AA, Ávila-Flores, RA, Medellín, RA, Goldstein, T, Suzán, G, Daszak, P & Lipkin, WI 2013, 'Coronaviruses in bats from Mexico', Journal of General Virology, vol. 94, no. PART 5, pp. 1028-1038. https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.049759-0
Anthony SJ, Ojeda-Flores R, Rico-Chávez O, Navarrete-Macias I, Zambrana-Torrelio CM, Rostal MK et al. Coronaviruses in bats from Mexico. Journal of General Virology. 2013 May;94(PART 5):1028-1038. https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.049759-0
Anthony, S. J. ; Ojeda-Flores, R. ; Rico-Chávez, O. ; Navarrete-Macias, I. ; Zambrana-Torrelio, C. M. ; Rostal, M. K. ; Epstein, J. H. ; Tipps, T. ; Liang, E. ; Sanchez-Leon, M. ; Sotomayor-Bonilla, J. ; Aguirre, A. A. ; Ávila-Flores, R. A. ; Medellín, R. A. ; Goldstein, Tracey ; Suzán, G. ; Daszak, P. ; Lipkin, W. I. / Coronaviruses in bats from Mexico. In: Journal of General Virology. 2013 ; Vol. 94, No. PART 5. pp. 1028-1038.
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