Coronaviruses Detected in Bats in Close Contact with Humans in Rwanda

Julius Nziza, Tracey Goldstein, Mike Cranfield, Paul Webala, Olivier Nsengimana, Thierry Nyatanyi, Antoine Mudakikwa, Alexandre Tremeau-Bravard, Dennis Byarugaba, Jean Claude Tumushime, Ivan Emil Mwikarago, Isidore Gafarasi, Jonna Mazet, Kirsten Gilardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Bats living in close contact with people in Rwanda were tested for evidence of infection with viruses of zoonotic potential. Mucosal swabs from 503 bats representing 17 species were sampled from 2010 to 2014 and screened by consensus PCR for 11 viral families. Samples were negative for all viral families except coronaviruses, which were detected in 27 bats belonging to eight species. Known coronaviruses detected included the betacorona viruses: Kenya bat coronaviruses, Eidolon bat coronavirus, and Bat coronavirus HKU9, as well as an alphacoronavirus, Chaerephon Bat coronavirus. Novel coronaviruses included two betacorona viruses clustering with SARS-CoV, a 2d coronavirus, and an alphacoronavirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019


  • Bats
  • Coronaviruses
  • Human–wildlife interfaces
  • Rwanda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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