Corneal storage medium preservation with defensins

I. R. Schwab, D. Dries, James S Cullor, W. Smith, Mark J Mannis, T. Reid, Christopher J Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used a synthetic defensin (rabbit neutrophil peptide-1; NP-1)as a microbicide in a corneal storage medium. Optisol without antimicrobial compounds. We established growth curves in Optisol for Staphylococcus aureus. Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Each organism was evaluated separately at 4°C, 23°C, and 37°C in Optisol with NP-1 at each of four different concentrations including 1, 10, 100, and 200 μg/ml. When the three organisms were evaluated in Optisol containing NP-1, we found that a concentration of 200 μg/ml of NP-1 successfully killed 99.9% (the limits of our assay) of all three organisms at all temperatures tested. We conclude that NP-1 exhibits promise as a nonantibiotic preservative agent in corneal storage media, since it was effective in killing organisms at all temperatures, including 4°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-375
Number of pages6
JournalCornea
Volume11
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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