Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a well-recognized complication of immunosuppressive therapy in the post-transplant (Tx) period. The DM encountered in the setting of tacrolimus therapy has been managed in the past by tacrolimus dose reduction and a rapid corticosteroid taper; frequently insulin therapy is also required to maintain normoglycemia. However, the dose reduction of immunosuppressive agents has often resulted in acute allograft rejection. We are reporting our experience in managing three pediatric renal Tx recipients who developed DM in the post-Tx period while on triple immunosuppressive therapy including tacrolimus and corticosteroids. All of our patients were managed by substitution of tacrolimus with conventional doses of neoral while maintaining their usual corticosteroid dose. All three patients had resolution of hyperglycemia and none experienced acute rejection. Tacrolimus was then successfully reinitiated 4.6 months later; at last follow-up, all of our patients have good allograft function and have maintained a normal blood sugar. In conclusion, we feel that conversion of patients from tacrolimus to neoral should be attempted as a safer alternative to tacrolimus dose reduction, for managing post-Tx DM in tacrolimus treated patients.
- Diabetes mellitus
- Neoral conversion
- Pediatric transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health