Controversies in the intramedullary nailing of proximal and distal tibia fractures

Nirmal C. Tejwani, David Polonet, Philip R Wolinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Management of tibia fractures by internal fixation, particularly intramedullary nails, has become the standard for diaphyseal fractures. However, for metaphyseal fractures or those at the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction, the choice of fixation device and technique is controversial. For distal tibia fractures, nailing and plating techniques may be used, the primary goal for each being to achieve acceptable alignment with minimal complications. Different techniques for reduction of these fractures are available and can be applied with either fixation device. Overall outcomes appear to be nearly equivalent, with minor differences in complications. Proximal tibia fractures can be fixed using nailing, which is associated with deformity of the proximal short segment. A newer technique--suprapatellar nailing--may minimize these problems, and use of this method has been increasing in trauma centers. However, most data are still largely based on case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-183
Number of pages9
JournalInstructional course lectures
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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