Controversies in the intramedullary nailing of proximal and distal tibia fractures

Nirmal Tejwani, David Polonet, Philip R Wolinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Management of tibia fractures by internal fixation, particularly intramedullary nails, has become the standard for diaphyseal fractures. However, for metaphyseal fractures or those at the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction, choice of fixation device and technique is controversial. For distal tibia fractures, nailing and plating techniques may be used, the primary goal of each being to achieve acceptable alignment with minimal complications. Different techniques for reduction of these fractures are available and can be applied with either fixation device. Overall outcomes appear to be nearly equivalent, with minor differences in complications. Proximal tibia fractures can be fixed using nailing, which is associated with deformity of the proximal short segment. A newer technique - suprapatellar nailing - may minimize these problems, and use of this method has been increasing in trauma centers. However, most of the data are still largely based on case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-673
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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