Control and prevention of emerging zoonoses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses are zoonotic diseases caused by either totally new or partially new agents or by microorganisms previously known but now occurring in places or in species where the disease was previously unknown. Zoonotic diseases account for the majority of all emerging infectious diseases. Several factors have led to the emergence of these infections, including human demographics, the industrialization of food production, globalization, international travel and commerce, land use, microbial adaptation, and changes and breakdown in public health measures. Several zoonotic agents are also potential agents that could be used as biological weapons. The recent use of anthrax spores in tainted mail in the US underlines our need for preparedness against bioterrorism. Prevention and control of these emerging zoonotic diseases is based on recognition, investigation, and collaboration, the development of advanced diagnosis and surveillance tools, the use of applied epidemiology and molecular biology methods, as well as education, information, communication, and technology transfer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-147
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Education
Volume30
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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