Contrasting Effects of t10,c12- and c9,t11-Conjugated Linoleic Acid Isomers on the Fatty Acid Profiles of Mouse Liver Lipids

D. S. Kelley, G. L. Bartolini, J. M. Warren, V. A. Simon, B. E. Mackey, Kent L Erickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two purified isomers of CLA (c9,11-CLA and t10,c12-CLA) on the weights and FA compositions of hepatic TG, phospholipids, cholesterol esters, and FFA. Eight-week-old female mice (n = 6/group) were fed either a control diet or diets supplemented with 0.5% c9,t11-CLA or t10,c12-CLA isomers for 8 wk. Weights of liver total lipids and those of individual lipid fractions did not differ between the control and the c9,t11-CLA groups. Livers from animals fed the t10,c12-CLA diet contained four times more lipids than those of the control group; this was mainly due to an increase in the TG fractions (fivefold), but cholesterol (threefold), cholesterol esters (threefold), and FFA (twofold) were also significantly increased. Although c9,t11-CLA did not significantly alter the weights of liver lipids when compared with the control group, its intake was associated with significant reductions in the weight percentage (wt% of total FAME) of 18:1n-9 and 18:1n-7 in the TG fraction and with significant increases in the weight percentage of 18:2n-6 in the TG, cholesterol ester, and phospholipid fractions. On the other hand, t10,c12-CLA intake was linked with a significant increase in the weight percentage of 18:1n-9 and a decrease in that of 18:2n-6 in all lipid fractions. These changes may be the result of alterations in the activity of Δ9-desaturase (stearoyl CoA desaturase) and the enzymes involved in the metabolism of 18:2n-6. Thus, the two isomers differed not only in their effects on the weights of total liver lipids and lipid fractions but also on the FA profile of the lipid fractions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalLipids
Volume39
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry

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    Kelley, D. S., Bartolini, G. L., Warren, J. M., Simon, V. A., Mackey, B. E., & Erickson, K. L. (2004). Contrasting Effects of t10,c12- and c9,t11-Conjugated Linoleic Acid Isomers on the Fatty Acid Profiles of Mouse Liver Lipids. Lipids, 39(2), 135-141.