Contraceptive Use Among Women Smokers and Nonsmokers in the San Francisco Bay Area

Rosemary D Cress, E. A. Holly, D. K. Ahn, J. J. Kristiansen, D. A. Aston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Women smokers were previously reported to be more sexually active but less likely to use contraception than nonsmokers. Differences in contraceptive choices between the two groups were investigated. Methods. Sexually active women, 287 who smoked cigarettes and 263 who did not smoke, were queried about current contraceptive use and demographic, sexual, and reproductive factors. Results. Sexually active smokers were less likely than nonsmokers to use contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives. The deficit of contraceptive use among smokers was most pronounced in women under age 30, black women, single women, women with some college education, nulliparous women, women who reported early age at first intercourse, and women who reported four or more lifetime sexual partners. In contrast, smokers were more than twice as likely as nonsmokers to use sterilization (P = 0.002). Among women over age 30, prevalence of contraceptive use was similar between the two groups. Oral contraceptives were used by fewer smokers than nonsmokers who were under age 24 (P = 0.01), had a high school education or less (P = 0.01), and/or had never been pregnant (P = 0.03). Conclusions. Young, sexually active women who smoked cigarettes were less likely than nonsmokers to have used contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives, while women smokers over age 30 were more likely than nonsmokers to have used sterilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994

Fingerprint

San Francisco
Contraceptive Agents
Oral Contraceptives
Tobacco Products
Education
Sexual Partners
Coitus
Contraception
Smoke
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Contraceptive Use Among Women Smokers and Nonsmokers in the San Francisco Bay Area. / Cress, Rosemary D; Holly, E. A.; Ahn, D. K.; Kristiansen, J. J.; Aston, D. A.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 23, No. 2, 03.1994, p. 181-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cress, Rosemary D ; Holly, E. A. ; Ahn, D. K. ; Kristiansen, J. J. ; Aston, D. A. / Contraceptive Use Among Women Smokers and Nonsmokers in the San Francisco Bay Area. In: Preventive Medicine. 1994 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 181-189.
@article{e561abeb203d423f8ec3377df400900b,
title = "Contraceptive Use Among Women Smokers and Nonsmokers in the San Francisco Bay Area",
abstract = "Background. Women smokers were previously reported to be more sexually active but less likely to use contraception than nonsmokers. Differences in contraceptive choices between the two groups were investigated. Methods. Sexually active women, 287 who smoked cigarettes and 263 who did not smoke, were queried about current contraceptive use and demographic, sexual, and reproductive factors. Results. Sexually active smokers were less likely than nonsmokers to use contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives. The deficit of contraceptive use among smokers was most pronounced in women under age 30, black women, single women, women with some college education, nulliparous women, women who reported early age at first intercourse, and women who reported four or more lifetime sexual partners. In contrast, smokers were more than twice as likely as nonsmokers to use sterilization (P = 0.002). Among women over age 30, prevalence of contraceptive use was similar between the two groups. Oral contraceptives were used by fewer smokers than nonsmokers who were under age 24 (P = 0.01), had a high school education or less (P = 0.01), and/or had never been pregnant (P = 0.03). Conclusions. Young, sexually active women who smoked cigarettes were less likely than nonsmokers to have used contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives, while women smokers over age 30 were more likely than nonsmokers to have used sterilization.",
author = "Cress, {Rosemary D} and Holly, {E. A.} and Ahn, {D. K.} and Kristiansen, {J. J.} and Aston, {D. A.}",
year = "1994",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1006/pmed.1994.1025",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "181--189",
journal = "Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0091-7435",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contraceptive Use Among Women Smokers and Nonsmokers in the San Francisco Bay Area

AU - Cress, Rosemary D

AU - Holly, E. A.

AU - Ahn, D. K.

AU - Kristiansen, J. J.

AU - Aston, D. A.

PY - 1994/3

Y1 - 1994/3

N2 - Background. Women smokers were previously reported to be more sexually active but less likely to use contraception than nonsmokers. Differences in contraceptive choices between the two groups were investigated. Methods. Sexually active women, 287 who smoked cigarettes and 263 who did not smoke, were queried about current contraceptive use and demographic, sexual, and reproductive factors. Results. Sexually active smokers were less likely than nonsmokers to use contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives. The deficit of contraceptive use among smokers was most pronounced in women under age 30, black women, single women, women with some college education, nulliparous women, women who reported early age at first intercourse, and women who reported four or more lifetime sexual partners. In contrast, smokers were more than twice as likely as nonsmokers to use sterilization (P = 0.002). Among women over age 30, prevalence of contraceptive use was similar between the two groups. Oral contraceptives were used by fewer smokers than nonsmokers who were under age 24 (P = 0.01), had a high school education or less (P = 0.01), and/or had never been pregnant (P = 0.03). Conclusions. Young, sexually active women who smoked cigarettes were less likely than nonsmokers to have used contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives, while women smokers over age 30 were more likely than nonsmokers to have used sterilization.

AB - Background. Women smokers were previously reported to be more sexually active but less likely to use contraception than nonsmokers. Differences in contraceptive choices between the two groups were investigated. Methods. Sexually active women, 287 who smoked cigarettes and 263 who did not smoke, were queried about current contraceptive use and demographic, sexual, and reproductive factors. Results. Sexually active smokers were less likely than nonsmokers to use contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives. The deficit of contraceptive use among smokers was most pronounced in women under age 30, black women, single women, women with some college education, nulliparous women, women who reported early age at first intercourse, and women who reported four or more lifetime sexual partners. In contrast, smokers were more than twice as likely as nonsmokers to use sterilization (P = 0.002). Among women over age 30, prevalence of contraceptive use was similar between the two groups. Oral contraceptives were used by fewer smokers than nonsmokers who were under age 24 (P = 0.01), had a high school education or less (P = 0.01), and/or had never been pregnant (P = 0.03). Conclusions. Young, sexually active women who smoked cigarettes were less likely than nonsmokers to have used contraceptives, especially oral contraceptives, while women smokers over age 30 were more likely than nonsmokers to have used sterilization.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028306122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028306122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/pmed.1994.1025

DO - 10.1006/pmed.1994.1025

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 181

EP - 189

JO - Preventive Medicine

JF - Preventive Medicine

SN - 0091-7435

IS - 2

ER -